U.S. Pension Tracker

Joe Nation, Ph.D.

Project Director
Stanford Institute for
Economic Policy Research

The Bottom 25% (Lowest quartile) indicates relatively lower unfunded liabilities. The Top 25% (Highest quartile) indicates relatively higher unfunded liabilities. Metrics reflect the Fiscal Year selected. Agencies reported as NA or agencies for which we do not have geographic locations are excluded from calculations. See Glossary for additional information.

Data reflect Fiscal Year (FY) 2018, the most recent available.

Massachusetts, All State and Local Systems

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Plan : From year: to
Detailed Table

Assets, Liabilities and Unfunded Liabilities

Variable 2016 2017 2018
Market Liability (thousands) $234,671,994 $229,299,464 $225,241,583
Value of Assets (thousands) $75,686,001 $79,817,127 $84,320,518
Market Pension Debt (thousands) $158,985,993 $149,482,338 $140,921,064
Market Discount Rate 3.00% 3.00% 3.25%
Actuarial Liability (thousands) $134,196,239 $132,310,704 $135,562,848
Actuarial Pension Debt (thousands) $58,510,239 $52,493,578 $51,242,330
Assumed Rate of Return 7.52% 7.45% 7.36%
  • Variable

    Market Liability (thousands)

    • 2018

      $225,241,583

    • 2017

      $229,299,464

    • 2016

      $234,671,994

    • 2015

      $211,016,039

    • 2014

      $228,205,363

    • 2013

      $204,328,272

    • 2012

      $222,866,082

    • 2011

      $174,620,787

    • 2010

      $166,589,808

    • 2009

      $145,411,649

    • 2008

      $168,134,040


  • Variable

    Value of Assets (thousands)

    • 2018

      $84,320,518

    • 2017

      $79,817,127

    • 2016

      $75,686,001

    • 2015

      $72,770,833

    • 2014

      $73,584,162

    • 2013

      $72,094,809

    • 2012

      $63,398,435

    • 2011

      $61,210,992

    • 2010

      $62,058,277

    • 2009

      $54,643,908

    • 2008

      $48,685,972


  • Variable

    Market Pension Debt (thousands)

    • 2018

      $140,921,064

    • 2017

      $149,482,338

    • 2016

      $158,985,993

    • 2015

      $138,245,207

    • 2014

      $154,621,201

    • 2013

      $132,233,463

    • 2012

      $159,467,647

    • 2011

      $113,409,795

    • 2010

      $104,531,531

    • 2009

      $90,767,741

    • 2008

      $119,448,068


  • Variable

    Market Discount Rate

    • 2018

      3.25%

    • 2017

      3.00%

    • 2016

      3.00%

    • 2015

      3.25%

    • 2014

      3.00%

    • 2013

      3.20%

    • 2012

      2.50%

    • 2011

      4.00%

    • 2010

      3.70%

    • 2009

      4.20%

    • 2008

      4.50%


  • Variable

    Actuarial Liability (thousands)

    • 2018

      $135,562,848

    • 2017

      $132,310,704

    • 2016

      $134,196,239

    • 2015

      $127,845,059

    • 2014

      $117,978,691

    • 2013

      $108,434,640

    • 2012

      $106,934,950

    • 2011

      $102,684,353

    • 2010

      $94,593,357

    • 2009

      $88,431,231

    • 2008

      $105,736,589


  • Variable

    Actuarial Pension Debt (thousands)

    • 2018

      $51,242,330

    • 2017

      $52,493,578

    • 2016

      $58,510,239

    • 2015

      $55,074,226

    • 2014

      $44,394,529

    • 2013

      $36,339,831

    • 2012

      $43,536,515

    • 2011

      $41,473,361

    • 2010

      $32,535,080

    • 2009

      $33,787,323

    • 2008

      $57,050,616


  • Variable

    Assumed Rate of Return

    • 2018

      7.36%

    • 2017

      7.45%

    • 2016

      7.52%

    • 2015

      7.31%

    • 2014

      7.97%

    • 2013

      8.03%

    • 2012

      8.02%

    • 2011

      8.02%

    • 2010

      8.03%

    • 2009

      8.02%

    • 2008

      8.02%


*Recommended not to combine dollar and other categories.

Funded Ratios

Variable 2016 2017 2018
Market Funded Ratio 32.3% 34.8% 37.4%
Actuarial Funded Ratio 56.4% 60.3% 62.2%
  • Variable

    Market Funded Ratio

    • 2018

      37.4%

    • 2017

      34.8%

    • 2016

      32.3%

    • 2015

      34.5%

    • 2014

      32.2%

    • 2013

      35.3%

    • 2012

      28.5%

    • 2011

      35.1%

    • 2010

      37.3%

    • 2009

      37.6%

    • 2008

      29.0%


  • Variable

    Actuarial Funded Ratio

    • 2018

      62.2%

    • 2017

      60.3%

    • 2016

      56.4%

    • 2015

      56.9%

    • 2014

      62.4%

    • 2013

      66.5%

    • 2012

      59.3%

    • 2011

      59.6%

    • 2010

      65.6%

    • 2009

      61.8%

    • 2008

      46.0%


*Recommended not to combine dollar and other categories.

State Demographics

Variable 2016 2017 2018
Population 6,820,480 6,871,914 6,912,797
Households 2,578,352 2,604,023 2,620,264
  • Variable

    Population

    • 2018

      6,912,797

    • 2017

      6,871,914

    • 2016

      6,820,480

    • 2015

      6,814,185

    • 2014

      6,755,124

    • 2013

      6,708,810

    • 2012

      6,655,829

    • 2011

      6,612,270

    • 2010

      6,564,073

    • 2009

      6,517,613

    • 2008

      6,468,967


  • Variable

    Households

    • 2018

      2,620,264

    • 2017

      2,604,023

    • 2016

      2,578,352

    • 2015

      2,571,625

    • 2014

      2,549,336

    • 2013

      2,536,321

    • 2012

      2,522,394

    • 2011

      2,532,067

    • 2010

      2,520,419

    • 2009

      2,475,492

    • 2008

      2,467,323


*Recommended not to combine dollar and other categories.

Budget & Revenue

Variable 2016 2017 2018
State General Fund Expenditures (thousands) $30,561,000 $29,788,000 $27,196,000
State Total Expenditures (thousands) $60,403,000 $61,964,000 $57,125,000
State Total General Fund Revenues (thousands) $40,366,000 $23,769,000 $32,442,360
  • Variable

    State General Fund Expenditures (thousands)

    • 2018

      $27,196,000

    • 2017

      $29,788,000

    • 2016

      $30,561,000

    • 2015

      $30,330,000

    • 2014

      $28,534,000

    • 2013

      $27,326,000

    • 2012

      $25,826,000

    • 2011

      $21,997,000

    • 2010

      $21,874,000

    • 2009

      $29,662,000

    • 2008

      $28,934,000


  • Variable

    State Total Expenditures (thousands)

    • 2018

      $57,125,000

    • 2017

      $61,964,000

    • 2016

      $60,403,000

    • 2015

      $57,305,000

    • 2014

      $56,250,000

    • 2013

      $54,636,000

    • 2012

      $57,113,000

    • 2011

      $55,574,000

    • 2010

      $51,278,000

    • 2009

      $48,642,000

    • 2008

      $43,807,000


  • Variable

    State Total General Fund Revenues (thousands)

    • 2018

      $32,442,360

    • 2017

      $23,769,000

    • 2016

      $40,366,000

    • 2015

      $41,081,000

    • 2014

      $38,778,000

    • 2013

      $36,727,000

    • 2012

      $33,294,000

    • 2011

      $25,197,000

    • 2010

      $18,544,000

    • 2009

      $18,259,000

    • 2008

      $20,879,000


*Recommended not to combine dollar and other categories.

Unfunded Liability Metrics

Variable 2016 2017 2018
Market Pension Debt/Household $61,662 $57,404 $53,781
Market Pension Debt/Capita $23,310 $21,753 $20,386
Market Pension Debt/State General Fund Expenditures 5.20 5.02 5.18
Market Pension Debt/State Total Expenditures 2.63 2.41 2.47
Market Pension Debt/State Total General Fund Revenues 3.94 6.29 4.34
Actuarial Pension Debt/Household $22,693 $20,159 $19,556
Actuarial Pension Debt/Capita $8,579 $7,639 $7,413
Actuarial Pension Debt/State General Fund Expenditures 1.91 1.76 1.88
Actuarial Pension Debt/State Total Expenditures 0.97 0.85 0.90
Actuarial Pension Debt/State Total General Fund Revenues 1.45 2.21 1.58
  • Variable

    Market Pension Debt/Household

    • 2018

      $53,781

    • 2017

      $57,404

    • 2016

      $61,662

    • 2015

      $53,758

    • 2014

      $60,652

    • 2013

      $52,136

    • 2012

      $63,221

    • 2011

      $44,789

    • 2010

      $41,474

    • 2009

      $36,667

    • 2008

      $48,412


  • Variable

    Market Pension Debt/Capita

    • 2018

      $20,386

    • 2017

      $21,753

    • 2016

      $23,310

    • 2015

      $20,288

    • 2014

      $22,889

    • 2013

      $19,710

    • 2012

      $23,959

    • 2011

      $17,151

    • 2010

      $15,925

    • 2009

      $13,927

    • 2008

      $18,465


  • Variable

    Market Pension Debt/State General Fund Expenditures

    • 2018

      5.18

    • 2017

      5.02

    • 2016

      5.20

    • 2015

      4.56

    • 2014

      5.42

    • 2013

      4.84

    • 2012

      6.17

    • 2011

      5.16

    • 2010

      4.78

    • 2009

      3.06

    • 2008

      4.13


  • Variable

    Market Pension Debt/State Total Expenditures

    • 2018

      2.47

    • 2017

      2.41

    • 2016

      2.63

    • 2015

      2.41

    • 2014

      2.75

    • 2013

      2.42

    • 2012

      2.79

    • 2011

      2.04

    • 2010

      2.04

    • 2009

      1.87

    • 2008

      2.73


  • Variable

    Market Pension Debt/State Total General Fund Revenues

    • 2018

      4.34

    • 2017

      6.29

    • 2016

      3.94

    • 2015

      3.37

    • 2014

      3.99

    • 2013

      3.60

    • 2012

      4.79

    • 2011

      4.50

    • 2010

      5.64

    • 2009

      4.97

    • 2008

      5.72


  • Variable

    Actuarial Pension Debt/Household

    • 2018

      $19,556

    • 2017

      $20,159

    • 2016

      $22,693

    • 2015

      $21,416

    • 2014

      $17,414

    • 2013

      $14,328

    • 2012

      $17,260

    • 2011

      $16,379

    • 2010

      $12,909

    • 2009

      $13,649

    • 2008

      $23,122


  • Variable

    Actuarial Pension Debt/Capita

    • 2018

      $7,413

    • 2017

      $7,639

    • 2016

      $8,579

    • 2015

      $8,082

    • 2014

      $6,572

    • 2013

      $5,417

    • 2012

      $6,541

    • 2011

      $6,272

    • 2010

      $4,957

    • 2009

      $5,184

    • 2008

      $8,819


  • Variable

    Actuarial Pension Debt/State General Fund Expenditures

    • 2018

      1.88

    • 2017

      1.76

    • 2016

      1.91

    • 2015

      1.82

    • 2014

      1.56

    • 2013

      1.33

    • 2012

      1.69

    • 2011

      1.89

    • 2010

      1.49

    • 2009

      1.14

    • 2008

      1.97


  • Variable

    Actuarial Pension Debt/State Total Expenditures

    • 2018

      0.90

    • 2017

      0.85

    • 2016

      0.97

    • 2015

      0.96

    • 2014

      0.79

    • 2013

      0.67

    • 2012

      0.76

    • 2011

      0.75

    • 2010

      0.63

    • 2009

      0.69

    • 2008

      1.30


  • Variable

    Actuarial Pension Debt/State Total General Fund Revenues

    • 2018

      1.58

    • 2017

      2.21

    • 2016

      1.45

    • 2015

      1.34

    • 2014

      1.14

    • 2013

      0.99

    • 2012

      1.31

    • 2011

      1.65

    • 2010

      1.75

    • 2009

      1.85

    • 2008

      2.73


*Recommended not to combine dollar and other categories.

Pension Tracker

Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research
366 Galvez Street
Stanford, CA  94305-6050
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